Media Education
Using Artificial Intelligence (AI) to create fake content, growing trend
The circulation of videos on social networks, where well-known political figures from Kosovo appear dancing belly dance, are just some of the creations of AI, which are served to the audience. It is young people who are considered to use social networks more and that the possibility of showing them such content is estimated to be greater. During the media education training, which was attended by about 30 students together with their teachers from the "Eqrem Qabej" Gymnasium in Vushtrri, they shared some of the cases where they had come across such false content. The XI grade student from this high school, Erisa Tërnava, mentioned some of the fake content that has been exposed to her while exploring social networks. She said that she has seen a deep fake video, where a girl appears dancing "belly dance", but the image of one of Kosovo's political figures has been placed on her face. Tërnava said that through Artificial Intelligence, a content has been created where it can be seen that the singer Katy Perry has participated in the Met Gala, but according to her this is completely untrue. "One of the social networks that we use a lot today is Tik Toku. On Tik Tok, a belly dancer is appearing who has been replaced by a public face, with a Kosovo politician who might be dancing, but who is not, it is a montage. The Met Gala is held every year and one of the people who couldn't be there is Katy Perry. They took him as a public face and through artificial intelligence they replaced his face, organized his dress, arranged his outfit and the whole public, because he is quite famous, they all thought that that person was invited at the Met Gala, but actually it wasn't at all. This training is very important for me", said Tërnava. Likewise, the student Mal Klinaku mentions some of the false news he has read recently. At the time when the issue of the dinar was being discussed massively, Klinaku said that he had read an untrue news, which said that the relations between the United States of America and Kosovo have completely broken down. "One of the fake news that I heard a while ago about the dinar issue was that America broke its relations with the state of Kosovo, but later it was verified that this was not true. One of the information that I heard that is untrue was that during the debate about the dinar, the relations between the United States of America and Kosovo were completely broken. This week it is thought that France has sent military troops to the Ukraine war Russia to help Ukraine. However, this was also fake news... This training seems very important to me as it is helping me with my communication skills and how to distinguish fake news from real news", emphasized Klinaku. That false information is often served to the readers by various media, the student Saba Alija also points out. She said that she has read a fake news where it was said that there had been several explosions in the north of Mitrovica and that several people had died. In addition, Alija mentioned another false content, where some portals had written that the wife of the singer Shkëlzen Jetishi had died, but this information was denied by Jetishi himself. "I often read untrue and false news in the media. One of the false news that I have read recently was that there were several explosions in the north of Mitrovica where several people were killed. However, it was later proven to be false news. One of the other news I read was that Shkëlzen Jetish's wife is said to have died, but the singer himself reacted with a photo showing that his wife is alive and it is untrue news," said Alija. Meanwhile, the director of the "Eqrem Qabej" Gymnasium in Vushtrri, Galip Avdiu, said that young people are falling prey to fake news in large measure. He emphasized that the holding of media education trainings, whose main purpose is to educate young people to distinguish between true and false content, is necessary. Avdiu said that the students of this school will benefit from this training by receiving information about fake news, so that they do not fall prey to them. "It is very important that this topic is being addressed today with our students for our reasons that Kosovo and our young people today are faced with a lot of false information. And the treatment of this topic for students is important. They benefit from this perspective because they will be able to distinguish when one piece of information is true and when another is false. Thus, they manage that our students, our youth do not fall prey to false information that usually brings a lot of damage to our society... In our society we have such (fake) news, we even have a lot, so our young people and the students of this school fall prey to this false information. Because it is very necessary and necessary for the new generations to learn from this perspective", said Avdiu. The students participating in this training expressed the need for holding this training, for which they said that they have received useful information regarding the trend of fake news. They said that after this training, they will have more critical thinking regarding the information they read every day in the media. The project "Media education against disinformation for non-majority communities in Kosovo" is supported by the United States Embassy in Pristina.
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